Category Archives: Advertising & Marketing

Marketing Wed: The Marketing Plan

This is the second post in the Marketing Wednesday series.  The first post was on the introduction of the Chief Marketing Officer.  Today’s post is going to be on The Marketing Plan.   I’d argue that the Marketing Plan is as important as the Business Plan for a business and certainly for a startup.

Over the course of this post, we’ll explore the 7Ps of Marketing.  When I was in college, we actually learned about the 4P’s of marketing, but apparently, there are now 7 so lets discuss them.

Your product is king.  Is it the product that consumers will want to buy?  If it’s something that they aren’t asking for, will they be able to understand it and have the vision for it’s application into daily lives?   Is the product at the high or low end of the scale?

Pricing is unbelievably important.  Not only will the right pricing strategy allow consumers to buy your product, but it’ll also help your product be carried by intermediaries such as retail and distribution partners.  Pricing is about economics, specifically about elasticity of demand; so take pricing seriously.  A simple way to look at pricing is to examine competitive (substitutive) products and understand where there is opportunity.  If your product is using high end components, or has a premium feel, then pricing above market is probably necessary.  Economic factors also affect pricing, so don’t just look at your product, understand the economic environment in which you’re selling in.  

At the agency, we like to say that media is just important as the creative.  Don’t go and design something beautiful and skimp out on where you’re placing the creative.  Same here:  your product is important and where it is being exhibited and sold is just as.  If you’re placing an advertisement during an NHL broadcast is very different than marketing a product at a librarian convention.   

How are you promoting your product?  For startups, this is one of the top questions that we like to ask at kbs+p Ventures.  We want to know how a startup intends to get it’s product/service into the marketplace and what type of promoting it intends to do. There are companies built around tweaking promotion, such as a “headline testing” or “multi-variate creative,” and this all falls under promotion.

Without the right people, the organization is often suboptimal.  I was speaking at a recent sales conference for a startup and the speaker before me was the Chief Revenue Officer of a Top 5 media property.  He stressed how important it was for him to attract and hire the right people, as it’s the people who sell their product.  And that applies here too:  what type of people do you need internally and externally to evangelize and communicate your product/service?

Physical Environment
What is the tone of the environment in which you are marketing in?  Think about putting a product on a Virgin America flight vs. Spirit.  A very big difference that impacts consumer buying decisions.  

Think Zappos.  The aftersales (or before sales even) service is phenomenal.  What is the value-added services that you are bundling with your service/product?  How can you make it amazing (or not?).  

Your experience unbundling your iPhone 4S happens when you go to the store to pick it up, then open up the box.  It’s not when you turn on your phone for the first time.  Great packaging goes a long way.  You don’t need to go overboard, but put some thinking and time into your product packaging.

Now that you know what the 7Ps of Marketing are, they should all be addressed in your marketing plan. While many startups who pitch us today don’t always have a business plan, they have certainly thought thru their marketing plans to maximize their go-to and stay-in market approaches.

How long should your marketing plan be?  7ps – 7 slides.  Simple.  You should also revisit your marketing plan each quarter as you match it up to your business metrics.  Don’t be afraid to tweak and/or radically change.

One of the exercises I like to do around positioning is to create a quadrant chart and position my “competitors” in different areas based on the criteria that I’ve assigned for the x&y axis.  When I plot all my competitors (and secondary/tertiary), I usually see an opportunity within the marketplace by some open space on the chart.  This is a fun exercise to do and will help you understand where there are opportunities within a market.

Marketing Wednesdays

The Chief Marketing Officer

This is my inaugural post for Marketing Wednesdays, inspired by MBA Mondays and Tech Tuesdays.  Please take it easy on me as this is the first in the lengthy series.  I would love all of your feedback, so please leave it in the comments section.  If you are goign to tweet this post, you can use the tag, #mktgwed.

I figured we’d jump right in and understand the role of marketing through the job description of the senior most level, the Chief Marketing Officer.

In almost every large corporation and as startups mature, they add a Chief Marketing Officer (herein referred to as “CMO”).  In early stage startups, this tends to be the founder and/or CEO.  The role of the CMO is expansive and changing but a common attribute of a CMO is to drive vision (sometimes of the CEO) and consensus on how the brand behaves and is portrayed both internally and externally within the marketplace.  Marketers have many strategies and tactics in their role that they can deploy to achieve this.  It could be everything from advertising thru customer service thru product innovation (and many other things).  No two CMO’s are similar and are generally biased by the organizations they spent their formative years at (i.e. P&G, Unilever are very numbers oriented, so CMO’s tend to be heavily focused in research).

The Chief Marketing Officer does not act alone.  They are at the helm of an internal marketing team which may or may not liaison with one or multiple marketing and advertising agencies, which scale depending on the size of the corporation.  Some corporations do everything internally but many have agencies who act on their behalf.  In the coming weeks, we’ll discuss the role of agencies within the marketing world.

When talking to many of our CMO clients, they stress the major shift that’s occurring which has been lubricated by digital; the brand does not always rule the conversation.

Joe Tripodi leads global marketing, customer management and commercial leadership as Executive Vice President and Chief Marketing and Commercial Officer of the Coca-Cola Company.  He wrote a piece for the Harvard Business Review about how the role of the CMO has gone from purely counting impressions to (that plus) making sure consumers are having good experiences with his brand.

Marketing has changed dramatically since Doc Pemberton poured the world’s first glass of Coca-Cola in 1886. On May 8th, 2011, Coca-Cola and our fans around the world will celebrate our 125th anniversary. While I’ll be curious how many impressions our activities generate, I will look most closely to the expressions of our consumers as a better measure of our success in keeping the world’s most valuable brand relevant for the next 125 years.

In most organizations, the CMO reports into the President/CEO and participates on the executive team.  The lifespan of a CMO is typically less than 24 months as per performance around sales is generally attributed to the marketing of a product; so the easiest thing to do is to switch out the marketing leadership.

In forthcoming Marketing Wednesday’s, we’re going to dive into very specific things such as marketing plans, media plans, advertising agencies, paid/owned/earned, clients, procurement, etc.  The list is very, very long.  However, I chose to start with the Chief Marketing Officer since it’s the top role within marketing and oversees any and all of this.

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Announcing Marketing Wednesdays

On the heels of Albert‘s Technology Tuesday’s, I’ll be launching Marketing Wednesdays.  Both Albert and I were both inspired by the magnificent job Fred has been doing with MBA Mondays.

Marketing Wednesday’s will be a post on a certain “marketing” topic which could be applied to both startups and large corporations.  Fred theoretically could cover marketing under his topic as Marketing is offered as a MBA track.  One of the top marketing MBA schools is the London Business School, and they define their Marketing MBA as the follows:

  • advertising
  • brands and branding
  • competitive strategy
  • consumer behaviour
  • customer focus
  • distribution
  • entrepreneurship
  • innovation
  • marketing analytics
  • marketing ethics
  • metrics
  • media
  • pricing and price promotions
  • product strategy
  • related management processes.

We’ll be covering all of the above.  Luckily, I’m part of a top tier marketing agency that has experts in each of these areas, so I can pull them in when I’m not as strong on a particular topic.

The first post of the series will be on Wednesday.  Don’t forget to follow me on twitter or sign up for the RSS feed to keep current.

Advertising Viewability: Are Your Ads Being Seen?

To start off this post, lets look at different media vehicles and examine how you experience advertisements:

  1. Television:  advertisements appear as commercials in “pods” which run in breaks of scheduled content.  Additionally, you can buy your way into programs through product placement and integration.  The majority of dollars however is in commercial advertising (30 second spots).
  2. Print:  advertisements appear as images on pages; sometimes these are full page ads, others are smaller such as ¼ pages.  Advertisers can sometimes cross the church/state editorial boundaries and influence certain articles, however this is a commonly frowned upon practice.  The majority of print advertising dollars is in the advertising on the page (full page ads).
  3. Radio:  Similar to television, Radio allows for advertisers to purchase time between breaks of scheduled content and in addition, radio hosts can do on-air reads of certain messaging which is similar to a product placement/integration.  The majority of radio advertising is run during pods between scheduled content.
  4. Digital:  There are a myriad of different types of advertising but to keep it simple, there are IAB standard ad units (which have scaled as banners) and custom units which generally appear on the same pages as content and /or between pages.  Search creative, excluded.

Beyond some of the intricate differences which can be extracted above, there is another difference I’d like to highlight:  viewabilityIs the advertisement that you (as agency/marketer) are serving being seen by the viewer.

This is a big question.  In non-digital channels such as the above, we can pretty much guarantee that if the viewer is present in the room (TV/Radio), reading the magazine/newspaper, have the opportunity to hear or see the advertisement.  However, with digital, even if you are in front of the computer or mobile device that is accessing content and actively engaging with it, you might not be able to see an advertisement but that advertisement is being counted as an impression.

This is big.  Let me re-iterate.

Ads that are on the screen but out of viewing sight are still counted as impressions; consequently, you as a marketer or agency pay for them.

Most 3rd party ad serving systems (MediaMind, DART, Atlas) today do not measure viewability in their current form.  MediaMind informed me that they do have a Visibility metric but that costs additional to the typical ad serving setup. It’s also relatively new.  We typically have to get the viewability metric through Advertisement Verification partners such as AdXpose (Comscore) or DoubleVerify.  Over time, I imagine that this metric will be a commonplace in the ad serving system, but right now, it’s not.

This has come to be an issue as publishers try to cram more advertisements on a page.  The more advertisements there are, the more ad slots, and the more ad slots, the deeper down on a page they are served.  Theoretically, if you can fill all the ad slots with paying ads, you can derive more revenue from each visitor.  You can’t fault publishers for trying to make more money from their content.

There are a few solves here for viewability:

  1. 3rd Party Ad Serving Systems add in the viewability metric into their reporting either by acquiring or partnering with Ad Verification companies or build their own solution.  This should be standard in all reports pulled about a campaign performance.  This should also directly impact campaign performance.  Do you think engagement/CTR would go up?  I do.

At my last company, IGA Worldwide, an in-game advertising firm, we built a 3rd party ad serving solution or console and PC based video games.  For an impression to count for an advertiser, it had to meet minimum thresholds of size of screen, angle it’s on screen, and time on screen.  I don’t see why we can’t carry much of that over to the display side of business.

  1. Publishers are forecefully limited to the amount of ads on a page, or the places that the ads appear.  I dislike this solution as it plays itself out anyway.  Theoretically, if an advertisement is served but not seen, the performance of the ad will be very low.  If it’s (performance) low, then the marketer/agency will probably cancel or optimize the ad.  It’ll be fixed basically anyway.  Also, I don’t like top down approaches.

Viewability is going to become increasingly important if the iGRP becomes a common trading currency in digital media.  Apparently, brand marketers want to shift large volumes of dollars to digital and they want to do it using iGRP’s instead of performance metrics.

If you aren’t measuring viewability for your iGRP’s, then as an agency or marketer, you are likely to get burned.

If you have worked in digital marketing, you probably have run a banner campaign at some point

Premium Email – A Customer, Not a Number

I don’t know if the word “premium” is right for the header, but couldn’t come up with another term.

I use @gmail for my personal emails.  I also send the inquiries from this blog to that @gmail account.  The problem I have is that I don’t pay Google.  It’s less about paying Google for my email, but since I don’t pay, they probably look at my account as a number, not a customer.  I have no phone number for support, no direct email support, only a user community and maybe a broad email box I can send my request into, which might or might not get returned.

I don’t know if I want a vanity email address.  While I have, I theoretically could start hosting my own email thru a an exchange hosting company but I don’t think I want that.

Is there a provider where I can pay for a premium account which has a domain that is already whitelisted by many ISPs or large email providers (AOL, Gmail, etc)?  I want to pay because I value my email account and want someone to talk to in case of issues.  I have way too much riding on a free gmail account where I’m one in a-lots-of-million customer.

Maybe there is a business opportunity here?

Demo Day Fatigue

First, let me start off by saying that any opportunity for a startup to showcase it’s “wares” is a good thing.  An idea in a vacuum is never a good thing and getting on stage in front of a group of people to tell your story could put your startup on the map, depending on who is in the audience.

Over the past few weeks, I’ve gotten invited to at least a dozen “demo” days.  This is probably a lot less than many of my peers and colleagues but have noticed a certain fatigue.

With more and more accelerators and incubators, the stigma around Demo Days has diminished, IMHO.  Last year, the excitement around the TechStars NYC demo day (of which I was a part of) was fantastic for NYC… but with all of the Demo Days in NYC this year, it’s just not as exciting.

I’ve watched tweets fly through my hootsuite account about demo day fatigue.  I think I’m feeling that way.  Or maybe it’s just the rain outside that’s contributing to the fatigue.

Looking for talent: new ad tech project, we want you!

3+ month assignment.  Could go much longer, depending on the fit.  Could go much shorter, depending on the fit.

I’m looking for a hybrid 30% visionary, 70% executor who has demonstrated entrepreneurial ability within the advertising technology or financial technology markets.  You should have a passion for media trading and at least a working knowledge of how the financial markets operate.  Experience with Bloomberg, Thompson Reuters, and/or Factset is a major plus.

Your task:  to help me put together the initial plan for an upcoming big idea.  The plan might go nowhere, or it might go very far.  If this post inspires you, then please contact me.  You must be available to work 20-40 hours per week and this is a paid gig.

Read this post on paidcontent to get more insight to the project.


  • Market research – both into the advertising markets and financial markets.  Not afraid to call people for primary research and use of secondary and tertiary research to make informed decisions.
  • Extensive writing – manage the writing of the initial concept after working with the team on strategy
  • Managing initial partners – be able to manage the initial partners who help in the ideation including but not limited to both decision making and administrative tasks
  • Initial business development conversations, less for revenue, more for market feedback

The ideal candidate:

A big thinker but someone who generally plays the role of #2 – the COO/GM/executor.  This is a role-up-the-sleeves role and need someone who loves doing that.  Personable, human, and a distinct eye for detail.  You understand technology but are not an engineer.  Ideally you would have been part of a startup of less than 10 people in your career, but I won’t hold it against you if you haven’t.  You must be entrepreneurial and work without a ton of structure.  There are no right answers.

If this is of interest, lets chat.  Please use the contact form.  In your inquiry, please list your credentials, online presence (if any), and availability.  I’ll be in touch.

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YCombinator Ad Innovation Conference Keynote Breakdown

Today’s opening keynote was given by Paul Graham, at the YCombinator Ad Innovation Conference in Mountain View.  I attended along with @tdavidson and @barryl530 to see the early stage innovation that’s happening in the ad tech space.  We were certainly impressed not just with the innovation but with the amount of great agencies in attendance such as AKQA, Goodby, Sapient, Omnicom, Cadreon, VivaKi, and Jess3 amongst others.  We were in good company, to say the least.

Paul admitted he wasn’t an advertising guy, but knows technology enough to understand how tech will influence advertising in the next few years.  The data he used to back his claims were based on the thousands of applications YCombinator receives and is able to forecast and see trends in where innovation is happening.

Here is a summation of the 9 trends that’s pushing advertising, per Paul, but I tend to agree as well.

1. Tablets are important and might call for their own unique advertising platforms to take advantage of the user interface.  Apple and Android will dominate the market and Apple will dictate the ad formats.   Tablets are genuinely a big deal and we aint seen nothing yet.  My take:  Yes, he’s spot on.  Tablets penetrate and are both a content consumption device but increasingly, a content creation device, as long as we can innovate and create good input devices.

2.  All data lives in the cloud. All data about a consumer, transaction, records, etc will live in the cloud and ostensibly, be located in one database that can be used.  What will hold this back will not be technology, but will be government and policy.  My take:  Totally.  We’re seeing this today.  I’m all about data.

3.  More stuff happens peer 2 peer.  Paul used an analogy that I don’t know if I agree with, but he claims that hotels exist because consumers couldn’t find any other way of staying in a remote city or town, so hotels were built to meet this demand.  Now with services like airbnb, hotels could cease to exist as we know them.  My take:  I like what he’s trying to say, but don’t know if I buy the entire analogy.  Not everyone wants to stay in someone else’s home.

4.  There are going to be a lot more startups.   I liked where Paul went with this.  He basically said that engineers had 2 choices after college:  go to graduate school or join a big company.  Now, they have 3.  The third oppty is to create a startup.  Paul threw out the 1% number which was how many developers/engineers start companies… and if this increases 10%, then that’s 10x the amount of startups in the ecosystem.  Again, we aint seen nothing yet with the volume of startups out there… there are going to be many.

5.  Facebook is already a big deal.   Paul said that the $1.6bln from Facebook is quick and simple money and they haven’t really began monetizing yet.  They are focused on growth and even have a Facebook Growth Group, which is one of the most powerful groups in Facebook.  He thinks that when they start monetizing, they can seriously move into markets and kill competitors such as PayPal or Wepay.  My take:  I agree with Paul, but they have to be careful in how they approach this as to not alienate developers and users.  I don’t want Facebook to be 100% of the services I use as a consumer.

6.  Software eating the world.  Don’t be an advertising company that does software.  Be a software company that does ads.  Having this mentality is obviously valley-driven, but allows you to scale a business and think more product focused, which theoretically, should have better outcomes.

7. Target Ads Precisely.  Google could target their ads much more precise but they don’t have to yet, as the market isn’t necessarily requiring it or does it make economic sense for Google to do it until they must.  Paul said a great quote:  “Assume you can read someone’s mind, what ad would you give them.”  My take:  This is one of our investment thesis at kbs+p Ventures – application of data to drive advertising decisioning.

8.  More things will be done by numbers.  If an investor had to place a bet on quantitative measurement/analytics of creative, bets should be placed on measurement.  Numbers will/can/do drive decisioning and with ROI driven world, we need to quantify it.  My take:  Spot on, another investment thesis of kbs+p Ventures as well as what we apply at VMM and The Media Kitchen.  Couldn’t agree more.  I even treat my fantasy football teams this way.. and I want 2-1 this past weekend!

9.  Creative.  Creative will begin to become “generated.”  Paul essentially argued that the best creative in the “future” world will have to be generated because of all the varieties that are needed.  My take:  I think he’s onto something if we’re able to deliver the right creative to the right person at the right time.

I loved Paul’s opening.  This wasn’t 100% of everything, but was a lot of it.  My friend Roger of IA Venturesc also talks about similar trends on his blog, in a post titled, changing polarity in advertising, if you want to continue being inspired…

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An Ad Tech Roll Up

I’ve been noodling the opportunity around an ad tech dream I had.  Yes, I really do dream about these things.

We all know the positions that Yahoo! and AOL are in.  I won’t go into that here, other than they will need to make some short term decisions rather quickly.

As a proactive entrepreneur, what if you could acquire the assets of Right Media (including client contracts) from Yahoo! and Platform-A (whatever is left of it) from AOL, roll them up, put on top of a 2.0 infrastructure such as AppNexus and scale the business?


  • Client contracts lead to instant revenue
  • RMX has a name for itself in the industry
  • Could probably get it for fire-sale pricing


  • Contacts/clients might not transfer
  • Yahoo! inventory is not guaranteed if moved away from Yahoo!, so that would need to be written into the agreements
  • Implementation of both platforms might be more hassle then they are worth
  • Much of Yahoo! RMX talent has already left, but not all

There is an opportunity here, at least at first glance.  It’s less about the technology and more about the contracts to advertisers.  The hypothesis that the acquisition of these both would lead to a faster time to market and revenue out of the gate.  There are probably quite a few other ad tech companies that you could bundle in here at the same time.  Might be worth investigating?  I’m sure a few people probably are…

kbspVC Portfolio Company, Crowdtwist is Hiring

One of kbs+p Ventures portfolio companies, Crowdtwist, is looking to attract and hire sales folks to join their team.  For those who aren’t familiar with Crowdtwist, it’s a social loyalty platform that bridges the paid-owned-earned media ecosystem.  I’m extremely bullish on them because they bridge the evolving media ecosystem and bring social data into our CRM and data-driven programs.

Mashable has a nice article titled, “Why Social Accountability Will Be the New Currency on the Web” and it highlights Crowdtwist amongst others.  You can start to see why their platform is so powerful.  And if that doesn’t convince you, they are on the Top 25 Startups to Watch list by Business Insider.

I was their lead mentor coming out of TechStars NYC and have been involved with them ever since.  So of course I’m biased about them.

The type of candidates we are looking for:

1.  Must have background in selling platforms and solutions, not just IAB compliant banners.  You must be able to demonstrate that you’ve sold platforms and can handle getting to consensus with multiple parties including IT, social media teams, and media teams.

2.  Must have at least 4+ years in sales background, preferably within a venture backed or publicly traded digital media or information technology company.

3.  Entrepreneurial passion and fire a must.  We want to find hustlers who like being out of the office more than in it.  By being out of the office, we mean knocking on doors of Fortune 500 clients and their respective agencies.

If you know of someone who is interested, or you might be, please don’t hesitate to reach out to me.  I have to be strict on filtering out per the above 3 filters, and will only pass along candidates who have demonstrated this.  You can reach out to me here.